Types of Records
I. Administrative Records
Records which pertain to the origin, development, activities, and accomplishments of the agency. These generally fall into two categories: policy records and operational records.
Records that relate to the organization such as plans, methods, techniques, or rules which the agency has adopted to carry out its responsibilities and functions. These include three basic categories.
- Organizational Documents: budgets and budget planning records, fiscal records, organizational and functional charts.
- Governing Documents: manuals, directives, orders, and interpretations issued from top authority levels, correspondence files of high-level officials, regulations, circulars, instructions, memoranda or regular issuances that establish a course of action, and staff studies or special reports relating to methods of workloads and performances.
- Reporting Documents: annual reports, periodic progress or summary reports, special reports or accomplishment, transcripts of hearings, minutes of meetings and conferences, and agency histories.
Records necessary to implement administrative policies, procedures, and operations. The operational value is the usefulness of a record in the conduct of an organization's business. Examples include mandates, procedural records, or records that give direction.
II. Legal Records
Records of legal value include those with evidence of legally enforceable rights or obligations of the State. These may include:
- Records relating to property rights: land, probate, contracts, agreements, leases, licenses.
- Records relating to citizenship rights: vital statistics, such as birth, death, marriage, some legal proceedings, and criminal cases.
- Records relating to employment: veterans' records involving legal rights attached to employment, basic state personnel records, and, in some cases, payroll records.
- Records containing information required to protect the State against claims or to enforce statutes: executive orders, rules, regulations, and records to establish or support judicial opinions and interpretations.
III. Fiscal Records
Records that have fiscal value relate to an agency's financial transactions. these may be budgets, payrolls, vouchers, and accounting records. After records have served their primary administrative purpose, it may be necessary to preserve them to document the expenditure of public monies and to account for them for audit purposes and requirements.
IV. Historical Records
Records worthy of permanent preservation for reference and research purposes are selected for deposit in the state Archives at the Connecticut State Library. These records are retained for many uses. Public officials use archival records to protect the government, to give consistency and continuity to their actions, to prevent duplication of efforts, and to find successful ways for solving recurrent problems. Records are also kept to protect citizens' legal rights and for research in many fields to advance general knowledge and understanding.
V. Research Records
Records used in scholarly studies and investigations. Researchers want to extend human knowledge using basic historical evidence. These records may include important information on individuals, corporate bodies including their problems and conditions, and significant historical events. Researchers may include case files and correspondence of a regulative and quasi-judicial nature, statistical and other data on economic development, population changes, and/or major movements in our society. Many of these records have informational, administrative, and archival value.
VI. Electronic Records
The Connecticut Uniform Electronic Transactions act (CUETA) defines an electronic record as "a record created, generated, sent, communicated, received or stored by electronic means, including, but not limited to, facsimiles, electronic mail, telexes and internet messaging" (CGS, Section 1-267). Electronic messages sent or received in the conduct of public business are public records.